India @ North Pole

India on Tuesday commissioned its permanent research base at the North Pole which will enable scientists to carry out studies on a range of subjects including climate change in one of the most cleanest environments on earth.

The research station Himadri was inaugurated by Earth Sciences Minister Kapil Sibal at Ny-Alesund, on the west coast of Spitsbergen, the largest island in the Svalbard archipelago of Norway.The research base in the North Pole comes three decades after India set up a permanent station at Dakshin Gangotri in Antarctica.

Two-third of Ny-Alesund, which is spread over 63,000 sq km, is permanently under ice, but the climate is mild in comparison to other areas near the North Pole. The mean temperature in the coldest month of February is minus 14 degrees while in the warmest month of July, it is five degrees Celsius.Owing to almost zero pollution, Arctic is generally considered by scientists to be better than Antarctica for a wide range of research activities.

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